Firstly, reducing net factor income (NX) in gross national income (GNI).
Foreign workers who come to Vietnam to work have income and are transferred to the remainder of their income. It is this that reduces the net income of the national income; The result is a reduction in total national income.
Secondly, the introduction of foreign lifestyles and cultures is inconsistent with the traditions and customs of the Vietnamese people, distorting traditional ethical and cultural norms.
Foreign workers who enter Vietnam work, they bring the culture of their nation and their country. Along with civilized and modern elements; At the same time, they also bring a harmful lifestyle and culture that is inconsistent with the customs, customs and cultural identity of the Vietnamese people.
Reasonable choice for sustainable development
Thus, the international labor movement in Vietnam has both positive and negative impacts on socio-economic development. With its role, the State needs to make reasonable choices by specific policies in order to make the most of the positive impact, minimizing the unwanted impact. Therefore, policies should follow the following two basic principles:
The principle of “shocking” or the choice of two sharp points
The basic content of this principle is the labor market segment and the selection of labor groups at the two poles to bring abroad to work with different objectives. Accordingly, the labor market in Vietnam has three main sections: highly qualified labor, average qualified labor, and simple labor.
For the group of highly qualified workers, have the ability to access and collect new technologies to work in high-tech places with the aim of both earning high income for employees and implementing principles “3I”
For unskilled workers, especially agricultural workers, they must accept to work in industries that indigenous workers do not do; aiming at two objectives: to create jobs with reasonable income, to move labor away from labor-intensive production areas, to quickly bring advanced and modern production technologies to use less labor into production, creating high social labor productivity.
The principle of “traction” or motivation choice
The basic content of this principle is to select a number of professions that, if undertaken by foreign workers, it creates a boost for the economy such as the oil refining industry, information technology, etc. or some managerial positions such as general director, executive director of a number of state-owned economic groups and corporations.
International labor migration in Vietnam has a strong impact on economic growth and development in Vietnam; At the same time, it also impacts negatively on the cultural and spiritual life of society. Therefore, the issue of selecting and determining the target of international labor migration in accordance with each period is of utmost concern.