The 4.0 technology revolution leads to high demands on technology innovation, which also means that businesses will have a high demand for high-tech labor. However, the majority of Vietnamese laborers are cheap laborers, so enterprises will find it difficult to improve their technology.
Be proactive in change
Regarding the labor market, Ms. Tran Thi Lan Anh, Deputy Secretary General of Vietnam Chamber of Commerce and Industry (VCCI) – Director of the Bureau of Laborers, said that in Vietnam, a number of policies have been issued to enhance the access to industrial revolution 4.0.
However, Vietnam currently has no basis for a specific view, as well as evaluating the industrial revolution 4.0. All that people know about this revolution is based on the advantages of the internet infrastructure, and telecommunications of the country.
In fact, Vietnam is lacking the necessary facilities to use and train workers in the 4.0 technology revolution. Up to 90% of Vietnamese enterprises are small and medium enterprises in the fields of processing and assembling, mainly at low level.
Many Vietnamese businesses are still in the 2.0 technology phase, some are between 2.0 and 3.0. 95% of Vietnamese businesses use the internet, but 60% of them find it difficult to use the internet for their activities.
Today’s Vietnamese businesses are not capable of digitizing, applying large data into analysis, design, deep chain into value chains. In addition, ordinary labor will find it difficult to adapt to the 4.0 revolution. Thus, Vietnamese workers will be disadvantaged with the 4.0 revolution if there is no innovation linking technology and human resources to adapt to high technology jobs.
Coming back to the story of low level, in competitions about math, physics, chemistry in the world, students in Vietnam are not inferior to other students in terms of knowledge, but in the use of knowledge in work and adaptation to the working environment, Vietnam is very inferior. This is also a major disadvantage of Vietnamese labor because Vietnamese laborers are so dependent on books that lack practicality.
According to Mr. Pham Duc Thang, representative of the General Department of Vocational Education, training of laborers in vocational schools is always challenging not only in the technological revolution. Accordingly, schools can not provide the modern machinery that businesses are using. Therefore, it is necessary to cooperate between the schools and enterprises to train the trainees. On the other hand, employers must also have clear requirements regarding the quality of their work.
According to Mr. Truong Van Cam, Vice President and Secretary General of the Vietnam Textile and Apparel Association, the 4.0 revolution is a process of merging new technologies into production rather than completely replacing people with automation machines.
Using robots, factories will reduce the amount of hard labor, so it is necessary to train workers to use robots. Particularly for the textile and garment industry, industrial sewing machines are not fully replaceable by workers and that is still the advantage of Vietnam. However, self-employment also needs to be active in receiving new knowledge to better suit the job.
Dr. Le Anh Vinh from the Vietnam Academy of Science, the Ministry of Education and Training, said that by 2030, most countries in the world will be facing skilled labor shortages. Future workforce needs to incorporate a variety of elements: multimedia communication, social responsibility, interdisciplinary, artificial intelligence and electronic machinery, international connectivity, and sustainable development.
Under this new requirement, Vietnam should prioritize investment in improving the quality of education to improve the capacity for labor, in which training should focus on helping children to love and learn, communicate and collaborate, handle complex issues, and have open minds.